Happy March 1. Happy Baba Marta

On March the Bulgarian people observe an old tradition, which sends the winter and welcome spring. Every foreigner came at that time in Bulgaria sees faces exceptional Bulgarian symbol - matenitsa. Each ornament is with them. You can find it even cats and dogs. A small mountain villages people even put them and their domestic animals: lambs, kids, foals. The houses are decorated with the same martenitsa. Everyone gave this symbol of his closest people. White and red thread woven into one, are a symbol of new and emerging spring wishes for health and luck.
 
In the old days matenitsa was perceived as a ritual sign - an amulet that protects from evil spirits. Today, almost all such "functions" are forgotten and only the custom symbolizes the coming of spring. But even now Bulgarians believe that if they wear martenitsas in March will be healthy all year. There is an ancient adage "If you do not wear matenitsa in March, Baba Marta will send a bad omen." Mythical Baba Marta personifies spring. According to the belief it was an old woman. Her character is a drifter. When smiling, the sun shines when angry - it numb cold ground. People also believe that Baba Marta will take only a very clean and neat house. Therefore, houses are cleaned thoroughly at the end of February. This is symbolic of spring cleaning everything bad, old and useless left over from last year. Baba Marta is very favorable towards people who wear their clothes hung on her character. Martenitsa is made of white and red threads of wool, silk or cotton, entangled by young women. Traditional martenitzas may include other elements such as silver coins, beads. In earlier years they were intertwined and various other things and so was making an amulet against evil, and evil forces.

On March each must bear martenitsa, especially young children, honeymooners or infant pets. Any fruit trees, door handles and cellars also put martenitsa. There are special places that put martenitzas - the wrists, the neck as a necklace or clothes left. In some Bulgarian regions than that of any place in the garment is placed matenitsa apparent social status of the individual. Young unmarried girls wear martenitsas from the left of his clothes, young bachelors wear them on the little finger of his left hand, married men put their Martenitsa in the right sock. All martenitzas wear for a certain period of time. Usually the period is associated with signs of approaching spring - blooming trees, fly first meeting with migratory birds - storks, swallows and cranes. Then people download matenitsa and then tied to a tree blossomed. Once downloaded with the accompanying ritual matenitsa loses its significance as an amulet. This marks an important step - the end of winter and the transition to positive changes.


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